New Chip Credit Cards Putting Squeeze on Small Businesses

New credit and debit cards with computer chips are putting the squeeze on small businesses.
The cards being rolled out by banks and credit card companies are aimed at reducing fraud from counterfeit cards. As chip cards are phased in, magnetic stripe cards, which are easier for thieves to copy, will be phased out. Businesses of all sizes face an Oct. 1 deadline to get new card readers and software that can handle chips. Most estimates of transition costs for small companies vary from the low hundreds to tens of thousands of dollars due to the wide range of equipment used.Credit Card Changes Q and A

This is one of the biggest nightmares merchants are going to face.

If businesses don’t meet the deadline set by companies including MasterCard, Visa and American Express, they can be held liable for transactions made with phony chip cards.

The switch to new chips in credit and debit cards poses a threat for small companies because they can’t get the volume discounts on the new equipment that big retailers get. And they don’t have in-house tech experts to install the new systems.

“This is one of the biggest nightmares merchants are going to face,” says Michael Kleinman, owner of Mason Eyewear, a store in Brickell, Florida, and Centurion Payment Services, a company that processes credit and debit card payments.

Tip of the Iceberg

The card readers shoppers see are just one part of a payment processing system. They’re connected to software in a merchant’s computer system that receives the transaction information and sends it to a payment processor. The processor then posts a charge or debit to the cardholder’s account and a credit to the merchant’s account.

The simplest card readers used in stores and other small businesses are likely to cost at least $100. The machines will also read magnetic stripes and some also handle what are known as contactless payments made with services like Apple Pay or Google Wallet. Most software prices start at several hundred dollars, but can run into the thousands for more complex systems. Many companies have computer systems that do more than handle payments — they also manage inventory and customer and vendor information. Businesses like restaurants and those with multiple locations are likely to have the most complex systems and the highest expenses.

Dickie Brennan & Co., which operates four New Orleans restaurants, expects to pay more than $25,000 to replace card readers and software, says Derek Nettles, the company’s information technology director. The company won’t raise its prices to pay for the switch; instead, it’s delaying an upgrade of its security camera system.

“We’re not happy about the additional expense,” Nettles says.

It’s Not Plug and Play

Changing card readers and software isn’t something many small business owners, even tech-savvy ones, will be able to do on their own. They’ll need to hire technology consultants who can charge as much as $100 an hour or more to install the system and ensure it works.

Even with Kleinman’s expertise in payment processing as owner of Centurion Payment Services, it took him five hours to install two card readers and software. And he was on the phone getting technical support from his vendor while he did it. Although the new system works, there are glitches that keep him tinkering. For example, sometimes the system has trouble accepting certain cards.

“Most people are definitely going to need to hire somebody to do it,” Kleinman says.

It may make sense for companies with combined payment, inventory and other systems to separate the payment part to make them less vulnerable to hackers, says Scott Shedd, a technology consultant with WGM Associates in Scottsdale, Arizona.

But that will add more costs, says Avivah Litan, an analyst with Gartner Research.

“If you want to use this opportunity to secure your systems, it could cost you thousands,” she says.

Google Launches My Ramadan Companion Website


Google this week launched a Ramadan (also called Ramzan in some regions) site to give devotees relevant information, such as timings of sunrise and sunset in the user’s region, during the holy month for Muslims across the world.

Called the My Ramadan Companion, the site provides users with locally relevant tips such as the closest charity Iftar, nearby Halal restaurants, the traffic in the area around them, and even recipes. The Google site even showcases which YouTube videos devotees may enjoy, as well as health tips to stay fit during the 30 days of fasting.

The search engine giant has also unveiled a special app section on Google Play, calledWelcoming Ramadan 2015, which showcases apps that can help during the period, from alarm clocks to wake up for Sahur, to greeting card makers and appropriate cooking apps.

google_play_welcoming_ramadan_2015.jpgThe firm’s Google Now virtual assistant will also show Android smartphone users Ramadan-relevant cards, which include news and information about the period, app recommendations.

Announcing the move via a blog post, Google’s Associate Product Marketing Manager, Middle East and North Africa, Zain Kamal Masri, said, “To help you get the most out of Ramadan, we’ve launched My Ramadan Companion, which gives you customised and locally relevant information, tips, and other content highlighting the richness of what the web can offer during Ramadan around you… With My Ramadan Companion, we hope we can help you take care of the little things, so you can focus on the big things.”

Tips for a safe online recharge transaction

 MobiKwik being a online recharge platform which lets you make easy online recharge for your mobile, electricity, television, internet and other bills instantly anywhere, anytime just with a click, giving you range of cash backs options to choose from.Since online transactions are very common, everyday lakhs of people are making online transactions by purchasing or recharging etc it is important to make sure your transaction is getting securely processed.

Online recharge can be made via all mobile platforms, computer or even SMS. Just a few important tips to keep in mind and you can make your online recharge safe and protected from the internet hacks. Always, keep in mind never to disclose your password to anybody, infact it is advised to change password and debit or credit card pin numbers on frequent basis

Always make sure you are using antivirus with online protection and secured gateways while making your online recharge .If you are using a shared or public computer, keep in mind to delete the browser history preventing access to your personal information. Check the status of your transaction, as online recharge is instant and changes in account balance are reflected instantly. It is important to make sure you logout after the transaction is completed. Following such precautions can help you with tension free  online recharge .

Now, one can make Tata Docomo online recharge   through MobiKwik web or mobile app anytime. Make all your prepaid online recharge for your mobile all over India with easy payment options for debit, credit or net banking easily through accessing MobiKwik services. Tata Docomo has very affordable and high on value talk time offers for its valued customers. You can choose from various plans and recharge coupon options for online recharge  , suiting your usage and preferences.

Did you know that, doing online recharge through Mobikwik can get you exciting cash back coupons!! After recharging choose from the options and select a coupon for your preference and get heavy discount and cash back offers.

Tata Docomo has spread its reach across India, with millions satisfied customers, by providing quick and easy services like online recharge  which are available 24×7 without any extra charges from the user so that they can process payments an recharges securely at any location.Forget about visiting to the physical stores or vendor for payments and recharges, now  online recharge  and payments can be made instantly.

Few easy steps and your services are resumed back, all you have to do is  login to Mobikwik through your computer, laptop or your mobile. Select  online recharge , or opt for online recharge  ,choose and select from given Unlimited talk time plan, Fulltalk time plans, top-up plans,rate cutter plans, STD and SMS plans and recharge accordingly.Don’t forget to enjoy the discounts and cash back offers on the recharge amount.

Smart online food with tinyowl

A variety of devices on the android platform with a variety of price range is available in the market with varying specifications.IOS phones do not provide varying models and price but does provide authenticity. Why are people phone oriented? Because all the things you need are available right on the phones. There is an application for every small task you wish to do. Be it tracking daily usage of money or studying; be it shopping or setting reminders; be it listening to music or editing your photo and the list goes on. Everything on the go is the demand of the people for increasing their feasibility. Now the time has come when people have started wishing if the phone could get them some food. Well! Yes, that is very much possible because of the online food ordering systems available in the market. They can be web portals or mobile applications. All you have to do is simple few clicks or taps on the screen as per the device you using and the food will be right there at your doorsteps.Though there are few synchronization issues with these food ordering applications because of the delivery system of the restaurants. It’s not all the time necessary that the receptionist will check their cell phone for the order. Yet the online food ordering system is yet improving on a better scale.

The perks of using an online food ordering system:

  • Saves time and money
  • You need not be on the waiting list.
  • Filters as per your needs
  • Online payment
  • User friendly GUI
  • Commission free and unlimited orders
  • Convenient or customers
  • Online menu is simple to manage
  • On time delivery
  • Eliminates human error
  • Frustration level is reduced.

Oneplus one marshmallow update release.Source

Tinyowl Company:

HarshVardhanMandad had an urge to come up with something unique for people. ShikharPaliwal, GauravChoudhary, TanujKhandelwal and SaurabhGoyal were a  group of IIT graduates to help him invest and develop a total new concept. TinyOwl application is not available on website because it voids the feature of portability and it is the very first mobile food ordering system. Their main motto was to attract the customers and develop a personal relationship with them. The mobile platform included that of android and IOS mobile operating system since 78.9% of the users use Android Operating System and this ratio has been stagnant for the past two years; while the ratio of iOS is that of 14.9% of the total population across the world. Metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Gurgaon and Pune are the places which would help them the most because of their vast population and advancement in technology on a larger scale. The tinyowl application doesn’t charge any commission to the restaurants for their order of food and so is yet under no profit and no loss strategy.

Variou features of Tinyowl:

  • Accessibility
  • Range of Variety
  • Updated menu is available on the go for your convenience
  • Free home delivery service
  • You get to know the estimated time of food being delivered to you.
  • Multiple offers available at particular seasons. Also known as seasonal sale.
  • Order history is maintained well.
  • You can also enjoy free meals at times if you use your promotional code on your friend’s phone.

User’s response:

“This feedback has no words to explain clearly how amazing my experience was! One of my friends suggested me to install tinyowl application and relish the facilities you provide. I never could enjoy multiple cuisines at one place but from various restaurants. If I wished to have a pizza and family wishes to have south Indian food, we had to call 2 restaurants.  It had been always a dream to order food when I was running out of credits and had no one around to give a call to some restaurant. But this tinyowl application overcomes the drawback of calling every time and dictating the address to the receptionist of the restaurant. I am grateful to the team of the tinyowl to develop such a flawless idea of delivering food to people. Good luck to the team for expanding further!”


Greek default fears rise as ‘11th-hour’ talks collapse

TOPSHOTS Protesters take down a huge banner bearing a picture of Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on a European Union flag from the ministry of finance in Athens as they end the occupation of the building on June 11, 2015. The Greek government on Thursday said it would "intensify" efforts to resolve differences with its EU-IMF creditors to reach a deal that would give the country desperately needed bailout funds. AFP PHOTO / LOUISA GOULIAMAKILOUISA GOULIAMAKI/AFP/Getty Images

Talks aimed at reaching an 11th-hour deal between Greek ministers and their bailout creditors collapsed on Sunday evening after a new economic reform proposal submitted by Athens was deemed inadequate to continue negotiations.

The breakdown is the clearest sign yet that differences between the two sides may be too wide to breach, increasing the possibility that Athens will not secure the €7.2bn in bailout aid it needs to avoid defaulting on its debts — including a €1.5bn loan repayment due to the International Monetary Fund in just two weeks

Greek negotiators, including Nikos Pappas, aide-de-camp to Alexis Tsipras, the Greek prime minister, left the headquarters of the European Commission only 45 minutes after entering the building for what were characterised as a “last try” by one of the eurozone officials involved in the talks.

A commission spokesman said there remained a “significant gap” between the two sides, amounting to up to €2bn per year, and there was no longer time to reach a “positive assessment” of Greek efforts before a high-stakes meeting of eurozone finance ministers on Thursday.

“While some progress was made, the talks did not succeed,” said the spokesman. “On this basis, further discussion will now have to take place in the eurogroup.”

That eurogroup meeting is seen by many officials as the last chance for Athens to secure a deal on an agreed list of the economic reforms its creditors are demanding in order to release the €7.2bn aid tranche before Greece’s EU bailout runs out at the end of the month.

Asked as he exited the commission headquarters whether the break-off in talks was a bad sign, Mr Pappas told the Financial Times: “We will see.”

Greek movement [is] not discernible. I think they do not want a solution– Senior eurozone official

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Without the endorsement of Greece’s trio of bailout monitors — the commission, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank — the prospects of an amicable agreement on Thursday is remote, raising the prospect eurozone negotiators may resort to the “take it or leave it” strategy used on Cyprus at a eurogroup meeting two years ago.

On that occasion, an ECB representative warned that without a deal, the central bank would be forced to cut all emergency funding to Cypriot banks — essentially laying waste the country’s financial system. There have been similar pressures on the ECB in the past week to take the same stance with Athens.

Oracle, Rite Aid & FedEx Highlight Quiet Earnings Week

Oracle, Rite Aid & FedEx Highlight Quiet Earnings Week

Here is a quick look at what analysts are looking for from these results, as well as a peek at the week’s other most anticipated reports.

See also: What You Don’t Know About Banks Could Fill A Book

The consensus estimate of 22 Estimize respondents calls for earnings per share (EPS) of $2.76, a gain of more than 10 percent from in the same period of last year. Also, revenues for the three months that ended in May are expected to have increased about 4 percent to around $12.31 million.

Note that the Wall Street EPS estimate for the fiscal fourth quarter is just $2.68, and that has not changed in the past 60 days. Look for this global transportation, e-commerce, and business services giant to release its latest results Wednesday before the regular trading session begins.
KB Home

When it shares its results first thing Friday, this Los Angeles-based homebuilder is expected to say its earnings for the most recent quarter came in at $0.10 per share, according to three Estimize estimates. That would be well down from the $0.27 per share posted in the same quarter of last year.

The Estimize forecast for nearly $650 million in revenue is higher than the Wall Street estimate of $622.70 million, and it also compares to last year’s $565.21 million for the fiscal second quarter. Note that Estimize respondents overestimated review in the previous two periods.

The consensus of 10 Estimize estimates is EPS of $1.19 and revenue that totaled $32.43 billion for the fiscal first quarter, when the supermarket chain reports Thursday morning. That would compare to the $1.09 per share earnings and revenue of $32.96 billion reported in the same period of last year.

Wall Street analysts see a gain in revenue for the period to $33.35 billion, but they also anticipate that revenue in the quarter that ends in July will be essentially flat year over year. So far, they do see revenue for the full year that is marginally higher than in the previous year.

In its report late Wednesday, this networking and enterprise software giant is expected to say that its EPS slipped by a penny from a year ago to $0.91, according to 33 Estimize estimates. Wall Street analysts are a bit more pessimistic, placing earnings at $0.87 per share for the fiscal fourth quarter.

The Estimize forecast also has revenues down marginally to $11.16 billion for the most recent quarter, compared to Wall Street expectations of $10.95 billion. Both Wall Street and Estimize respondents, on average, overestimated revenue in the most recent quarter.

See also: All The Right Option Moves: Take The Improv Out Of Earnings
Rite Aid

The third-largest U.S. drug store chain will report $0.03 per share earnings for its fiscal first quarter, down a penny from the year-ago period, according to Wall Street. However, some 11 Estimize estimates put the figure at $0.07 per share. Wall Street way underestimated EPS in the past three quarters.

Revenue for the three months that ended in May will be around 3 percent higher to $6.68 billion, says Estimize. Both Wall Street and Estimize have underestimated revenues in recent periods. Look for Rite Aid to report it latest quarterly results before Thursday’s opening bell.
And Others

Earnings growth is also anticipated from Adobe Systems, CarMax, Jabil Circuit and Red Hat this week.

If analysts’ estimates are correct, earnings declines are in store for Pier 1 Imports and Smith & Wesson.

Upcoming earnings to watch for include those from BlackBerry, Monsanto and Nike.

Keep up with all the latest breaking news and trading ideas by following Benzinga on Twitter.


Right to repair: Who owns your car’s software?

A woman links her iPhone to the MyLink system in a Chevrolet Spark. MyLink incorporates voice recognition software and can provide climate control, roadside assistance and vehicle diagnostics. (Steve Marcus/Reuters)

There’s a certain thrill to bringing a brand vehicle home and starting it up for the first time. And with the joy of ownership is knowing that once you buy it, it’s yours to do with as you please. But manufacturers including GM and John Deere recently argued before the U.S. Copyright Office that they think the car’s software should fall under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. That means that you might own the car – but the corporation owns the computer systems inside it, you just license it. Brent talks to Kyle Wiens, the founder of iFixit – a crowd-sourced website that bills itself as “The free repair guide for everything, written by everyone.” He’s also an activist in the “Right to Repair” movement.

This conversation has been edited for length and clarity.

Let’s see I just put a third of my annual salary down to buy a brand new car. Is it fair to say that under this proposal, part of that car still doesn’t belong to me?

That’s what GM is saying. They’re arguing that you own the hardware piece of the car, but not the software piece of the car. The problem is that they’re the same thing because you have electronics that come with software on them and the car won’t work without the software.

But if I don’t own the software, why should I care other than the fact it’s just part of the car I can’t have access to?

There are a few reasons you would care. One is the manufacturers are saying you have an implied license. Well, if it’s a license it’s not legal for you to modify the software in your car. You say, “Why in the world would I ever want to modify my car?” but most repairs these days involved tinkering with software as well as tinkering with hardware. It’s becoming more and more difficult for independent repair shops to do the repairs that they need without permission from the manufacturer.

But this is really complex technology. Everything from rearview mirror cameras to self-parking mechanisms. So why wouldn’t I want the company that made the software to be in charge of it and be the ones that are actually fixing it and changing it?

There are a lot of situations where you want to do something that the manufacturer never intended. A really good example is off road racing. Most of the innovations in the automotive industry, including things like cruise control, actually started in the racing realm. They’re not usually going to design a new car from scratch. They take something off the shelf, they tinker with it, change the engine settings. I’ve seen a lot of innovation come out of that. There are situations where people own fleets with lots of vehicles. Maybe they want to impose a speed limit on the trucks that their drivers are driving around? Or maybe they have a fuel efficiency improvement, like a friend of mine has developed some software that improves the fuel efficiency. They use it and it has a dramatic impact. And it’s not just cars; it’s tractors, it’s computers, it’s iPhones. It’s everything we have.

So if the software in a car may have been modified, how can used car buyers have confidence in the software that anyone may have tinkered with for any reason?

This is the case in the market now because people are doing modifications. They are changing things, so this should just be part of the checklist. When you buy a used car, you go to the mechanic and you say, “Hey, can you check out the car before I buy it? Let me know if it’s OK.” One of the things that they can do is something called a checksum. They basically download the software off the car, they run it through a checksum and they see if it’s the same car from the manufacturer or not. And if it’s not the same software, then you just take the latest software from the manufacturer load it onto the car, and you’re good to go.

John Deere is one of the manufacturers we’re talking about here. And you mentioned tractors earlier. What does all this mean for farmers?

So this is a brand-new argument that really has farmers concerned because if you think about who needs to be able to do repairs or modify the equipment that they own on a regular basis, that’s a farmer. The definition of a farmer is you’re out there, quite often very far away from civilization. If you have a problem, you’re the only person that’s going to solve the problem. You can’t rely on the manufacturer a thousand miles away. If you can’t solve it yourself, you’re in a pickle. Now John Deere is saying, “Well we know that’s how you used to do it, but we put software on the tractors and now we’re going to use copyright law to prevent you from being able to do repairs and modifications on your own equipment.”

Has changed the relationship between John Deere and farmers? Or is there a possibility that that could happen?

It sure seems like it. It’s very concerning. I’m getting a lot of letters from farmers saying, “What should I do?” And we’re saying, “Well, maybe buy something other than a John Deere at this point.” Right now John Deere is the only agricultural manufacturer that’s taken this position and is opposing the exemption to the copyright law that the farmers have been asking for, so the Corn Growers Association came out and said, “Hey, wait a second. This is really upsetting to us. We don’t think that your new paradigm of ownership gels with our expectations.”

So could there be a liability issue here as vehicles become more reliant on technology, could manufacturers be exposed to lawsuits if they allowed for more open access to the software? 

Well that’s what they’re arguing, but I think that that’s a little bit of a false concern because they’re already liable. I mean they have made the product. It’s out there. They put the warranty on it. If there’s a safety recall or something that they’re responsible for handling that. But at the point that you start modifying things, you know, if I get underneath my car and I cut the brake line I can’t go after GM for that. That’s something I did to my own equipment. We have this expectation that when you buy a product you have the right to be able to modify, improve, change it, color purple if you want. And there’s nothing that the manufacturing can do about that, so it really is more a question of control. They’re saying we want to control everything, but we don’t want any of the liability. We’re saying, “Well, if you’re not going to take on the liability, at least let us modify the things that we have.”

Kyle we’ve been talking about vehicles exclusively today, but there’s so much talk about the Internet of Everything. Can you give me examples of what else might apply to these kinds of closed systems down the road?

We’re talking here about copyright law and you say, “What does copyright law have to do with our things?” Well, the moment you put a computer chip inside of the physical thing, whether it’s a toaster or a phone or anything else, the moment you have that computer chip, now you have software. So rather than the traditional rules that regulate property, now you have intellectual property rules which are completely unintuitive and say all kinds of things like it’s not legal to break a digital lock. But it’s completely legal to pick a lock on something that you own. So if you have something like a tablet and you want to install an app that isn’t in the Apple app store, it’s not necessarily legal for you to do that. Now they granted an exemption so it’s legal to do that for phones, but not for tablets. So we’ve got this really unintuitive restrictive copyright law that now, by virtue of the electronics moving into everything that we own, the copyright law is moving into everything that own.

As you see it, how will the upcoming decision on American copyright law affect Canadians who buy these vehicles? 

The interesting thing about U.S. copyright law in particular is that it tends not to stay in the U.S. They end up getting ensconced in trade treaties. And so with the upcoming Trans-Pacific Partnership, we don’t know the exact text of the treaty that’s being discussed, but the leaks that we have seen have showed that the pieces of American copyright law that we are most concerned about are in that treaty. And what we have heard from the negotiations behind the scenes is that Canada has been the most vociferous at trying to get those provisions removed from the treaty and that other countries like New Zealand have opposed Canada’s position.

Right, but that doesn’t mean that Canada will be successful or even if it’s part of their overall plan. It may just be a negotiating ploy.

It may be, although from what I’ve heard, it seems like it’s very genuine. So I would say, “Please support your local trade representative.” They’re on the right track and we need to make sure the other countries stand up alongside Canada and oppose this very unfortunate U.S. policy.

How a Dutch firm is going to 3D-print a bridge in Amsterdam

3D-printed bridge

3D printing technology has been put to all kinds of weird and wonderful uses as it moves further towards mainstream use, and the latest ambitious project being tackled by the experts is a fully functioning bridge across one of Amsterdam’s canals.

3D printing research and development firm MX3D is in charge of the operation, getting help along the way from the likes of software developers Autodesk and construction outfit Heijmans. What makes the idea particularly interesting is that everything will be automated — 3D-printing robots will start on one bank and gradually make their way over to the opposite side, building as they go.

Related: GE engineers just made a fully-functional 3D printed jet engine

The bridge isn’t just showing off how far 3D printing has come, it actually has some practical value too — imagine robots being able to build their own supply lines through emergency disaster areas for example, where existing road and rail infrastructure has been disrupted for whatever reason.

“What distinguishes our technology from traditional 3D printing methods is that we work according to the ‘printing outside the box’ principle,” says Tim Geurtjens, CTO at MX3D. “By printing with 6-axis industrial robots, we are no longer limited to a square box in which everything happens. Printing a functional, life-size bridge is of course the ideal way to showcase the endless possibilities of this technique.”

The robots will be creating the bridge out of steel, heating up the raw material to around 2,732°F (1,500°C) before welding the structure in place — the resulting bridge will be strong, sturdy and protected against the elements. MX3D says a visitor center where people will be able to follow the progress of the robots is going to open in September, though as yet the exact location of the bridge hasn’t been confirmed.

Amsterdam seems to be the place to be as far as 3D printing innovation goes: You may remember we featured the story of a full-sized 3D-printed house under construction in the Dutch capital last year. The technology remains too cumbersome and too expensive for household use, but it’s set to become far more accessible and capable in the years to come.

Install Android 5.1.1 Lollipop Custom ROM on Samsung Galaxy S4 via BlissPop [How to Update]

Samsung Galaxy S4

Popular after-market Android smartphone custom ROM developer community BlissPop has released the new 5.1.1 Lollipop to the Samsung’s 2013 flagship smartphone Galaxy S4 3G model.

The new BlissPop custom ROM is based on the latest AOSP (Android Open Source Project) 5.1.1 Lollipop. According to Team Android, it comes with new visually interface, customisation options such as:

  • CM12 Theme Engine
  • Display & light options (smart cover, adaptive brightness, livedisplay, double tap to sleep, cast screen, Daydream, DPI, battery light)
  • Gesture Anywhere (Locations and trigger region options)
  • Animation ( EME, Toast, Listview, system , scrolling cache and scrolling modifiers)
  • AudioFX Equaliser
  • Lockscreen drawer (long-press Lock Icon to sleep option, Shortcuts, bottom corner targets, weather options, customise text & Icon colors, music visualize option, lock method option)
  • Status Bar (includes Clock & Date option, battery option, Bluetooth indicator, brightness control, Mobile & Wi-Fi options, network raffic monitor, notification count)
  • Notification Drawer (Status Bar header, Tile option, Flash-light option, custom color tile options, quick settings option, Slim Access Tile, Auto-close panel)
  • Notification manager (Device lock option, Block App notification, disable persistant info, priority app notification)
  • And tons of other personalisation features are included along with performance tweaks to enhance the user experience on Samsung Galaxy S4 I9500.

Prerequisites (things to remember before installing Custom ROM)

  • Though installing custom ROM improves the device’s performance and UI experiences, it makes the company warranty void and they will no longer be liable to provide updates in future [users can restore warranty by flashing the device with stock-ROM].
  • Make sure the device is rooted before going forward for custom ROM installation.
  • This new BlissPop Android 5.1.1 Lollipop custom ROM has to be installed on the Samsung Galaxy S4 GT-I9500 3G (with Exynos chipset)models only; if tried on other devices, it might get bricked [To check your device model: Go to Settings >> About phone >> model number]
  • Users make sure they have installed USB drivers on the PC, or else your smartphone (Samsung Galaxy S4 GT-I9500) will not be recognised by the computer.
  • Installation of custom ROM requires clearing of memory in the smartphone, so make sure to back all the data by installing Clockwork Mod (CWM) Recovery/ TWRP in the smartphone.
  • Also make sure your device has more than 80% battery, or else there is chance of smartphone getting temporarily bricked if the installation process is interrupted in the mid-way.

[Disclaimer:This procedure is very technical and should be performed by a person with sound knowledge of rooting (or manual software installation) Android devices. If the step-by-step installation process is not followed properly, there are chances of the smartphone getting bricked or being permanently irreparable. IBTimes India cannot be held responsible for any damage or claims from readers if the procedure does not yield the required results or if the smartphone is bricked. Hence, users are advised to proceed with caution.]

Tutorial: Step-by-step installation procedure for BlissPop Android 5.1.1 Lollipop Custom ROM on Samsung Galaxy S4 (GT-I9500)-

Step 1: Download EuphoriaOS Android 5.1.1 Lollipop custom ROM  and Google Apps in to your PC.

Step 2: Connect Samsung Galaxy S4 (GT-I9500) to PC via USB cord.

[Note: Before plugging the phone to the computer, be sure that you have installed USB driver software,

Step 3: Then, place EuphoriaOS Android v5.1 Lollipop custom ROM zip file and Google Apps .zip file into the phone’s SD card memory. [Note: Users are advised to paste the .zip file in SD card root, not in any other folder.]

[Note: Before users’ begin installing the custom software, be sure that the device must have rooted and has installed ClockworkMod Recovery/TWRP tool.]

Step 4: Now, turn off the device and disconnect from the PC.

Step 5: Then perform the regular Recovery Mode sortie by press holding ‘Volume (up)’, ‘Home’ and ‘Power’ buttons.

Step 6: After entering the RECOVERY mode, clear the phone memory, by selecting ‘wipe data/factory reset’.

[Note: use ‘Volume’ keys to navigate and ‘Power’ button to select options, while operating under Recovery Mode.]

Step 7: Now, clear the cache memory by choosing ‘wipe cache partition’.

Step 8: Then to go back to ClockworkMod recovery, and select ‘advanced’ and tap ‘wipe dalvik cache’ [Note: This step is optional, but many recommend this procedure so that user will not face boot loops or any other errors in the middle of custom ROM installation].

Step 9: Again come back to the main recovery screen and then tap ‘install zip from SD card’.

Step 10: Then tap ‘choose zip from sdcard’ and go to Android 5.1 Lollipop ROM .zip file in SD card and enter the installation process. Repeat the same procedure for Google Apps installation [Note: use ‘Volume’ keys to navigate and ‘Power’ button to select options].

Step 11: Once done with the installation process, navigate to ‘+++++Go Back+++++’ and restart the device by opting ‘reboot system now’ seen in the recovery menu.

Now, your device (Samsung Galaxy S4 GT-I9500) will take a few minutes to complete the booting process.

Users then head to Settings >> select About phone to confirm the installation of BlissPop Android 5.1.1 Lollipop CM12 custom ROM.

TCS, Infosys visa issue: Government to intervene when required

With the US probing TCS and Infosys for alleged visa rule violations, Communications and IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad on Sunday said the government will intervene if the need arises.

“I am sure these two companies will be able to address this issue properly, they are very reputed companies and the government fully appreciates the good work they have done over the years. If the visa issue ultimately requires certain other considerations…at government level, we will consider that,” Prasad told PTI.

According to the US media reports, the Labour Department has opened an investigation against Tata Consultancy Services and Infosys for “possible violations of rules for visas for foreign technology workers under contracts they held with an electric utility Southern California Edison”.

Denying any wrongdoing, the two software giants have said they are “fully compliant” with the immigration rules.

Often used by the IT firms, H-1B visa is a non-immigrant visa that allows the US employers to temporarily employ foreign workers in speciality occupations.

Infosys, in the past, has faced visa-related issues when one of its former employees, Jack Palmer filed a whistle-blower lawsuit, saying he had been punished and sidelined by company executives after he reported of witnessing widespread visa fraud.

Industry body Nasscom said attempts were being made to portray the Indian IT sector negatively without paying attention to “facts and logic”.

Nasscom President R Chandrashekhar said its members continue to cooperate with the US authorities in respect of any requests for information.

The US is the largest market for the over US $140 billion Indian IT services industry. Exports account for over US $98 billion.